Rose Greenhow was born in 1814 in Maryland, USA. She was a socialite and a well-known political hostess in Washington D.C. during the 1850s. In 1853, she married Dr. Robert Greenhow, and they had four daughters together.
During the American Civil War, Rose Greenhow became a Confederate spy. She used her social connections to gather information and pass it on to Confederate generals. Her intelligence gathering skills were valuable to the Confederacy, and she became one of their most successful spies.
In 1861, Rose Greenhow sent a message to Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard, warning him of Union troops’ movements before the First Battle of Bull Run. This information helped the Confederacy win the battle. After the battle, Greenhow was arrested and spent time in prison. However, she continued to gather intelligence and pass it on to the Confederacy.
In 1864, Greenhow traveled to Europe to try to gain support for the Confederacy. However, her ship ran aground off the coast of North Carolina, and she drowned while trying to escape Union forces.
Overall, Rose Greenhow was a successful Confederate spy who used her social connections to gather valuable intelligence during the American Civil War. Despite being arrested and spending time in prison, she continued to spy for the Confederacy until her untimely death.
Rose Greenhow: 0:14
Historical USA: 1:09
Lafayette Square: 3:02
Why female spies? : 3:48
Pinkerton catches Rose Greenhow: 6:10
Rose Greenhow imprisoned: 8:54